Diet for gastritis: menus and allowed foods

Muesli with fruits for gastritis

Gastritis is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders that many people suffer from.

To prevent the onset and further development of the disease, you need to follow a particularly gentle diet.

Nutritional therapy for gastritis reduces the discomfort and pain in the stomach caused by inflammation.

A properly selected menu contributes to the effectiveness of therapeutic measures and the normalization of digestion.

Before proceeding to the basic principles of nutrition for gastritis, as well as an approximate menu, it is necessary to learn more about the disease itself, as well as its symptoms.

A little bit about the disease

So gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach, in which the work of this organ is disturbed. Over time, if left untreated, the disease will progress and gradually turn into a chronic stage, and only then and not long before a gastric ulcer develops.

The main symptoms that will help you know that gastritis has started are:

  • Pain in the stomach, either while eating or before eating, and the pain goes away while the person eats.
  • Nausea, which can progress to vomiting, which happens quite often.
  • Poor appetite, and often lack of it, which leads to the development of even bigger problems.
  • Belching, which sometimes occurs on its own.
  • Flatulence.
  • Feeling of fullness in the upper abdomen, especially after eating.
  • Weight loss in spite of the fact that a person tries to eat everything.

Due to the fast pace of life, many do not pay attention to their state of health, as a result of which difficult-to-treat gastritis develops, the main thing is to follow a diet.

Nutritional principles

Doctor examines a patient with gastritis and prescribes a diet

All doctors who diagnose patients with gastritis, regardless of the form, prescribe a special menu.

There are several principles on the basis of which further human nutrition should be built:

  1. Temperature. All food consumed by a person must be warm, that is, it is strictly forbidden to eat food whose temperature is more than 60 degrees or below 15. The ideal food temperature for gastritis is between 20 and 50 degrees.
  2. Fractionated food. A person should eat about five or six times a day.
  3. Regularity. It is necessary to always eat at the same time so that the stomach knows for sure that it is now working.
  4. The exclusion of foods that provoke the gastric mucosa.
  5. Eat the foods that help improve digestion.
  6. In addition, it is necessary to completely exclude alcoholic beverages. Some patients ask whether it is okay to have a glass of wine. In fact, even wine is not allowed because it contains alcohol, which irritates the stomach lining, which is already irritated.

Most likely, if the patient follows all of the above recommendations, they will feel much better after a while.

Of course, the condition will not be ideal, but the stomach will not hurt every time you eat beforehand and just like that.

High acid gastritis: what you can do

It is common to distinguish several forms of the disease, one of which is hyperacid gastritis.

Hyperacid gastritis produces more acid than is needed. It irritates the mucous membrane, which leads to discomfort. Every effort must be made to reduce it.

The main symptoms of hyperacid gastritis are pain between meals and heartburn, which is quite difficult to get rid of. Therefore, doctors prescribe a special diet for patients, the action of which is aimed at reducing the production of hydrochloric acid, since a person eats easily digestible foods that do not require long digestion.

You can add to the list of allowed foods and dishes:

allowed foods for gastritis
  • Soups with vegetables, cereals that are boiled in water or milk.
  • Chops, which are either steamed, steamed, or simply pureed dishes made from lean poultry, fish, or other meat.
  • Soft-boiled eggs.
  • Sausage, sausage, but exclusively dietetic.
  • Smoked fish, but only lean.
  • Well cooked grain.
  • Well cooked pasta.
  • Vegetable puree.
  • Vegetable salads.
  • Berries, but only sweet.
  • Dairy products such as low-fat cheese.
  • Vegetable fat.

In addition, with such a gastritis, it is allowed to eat milk soups, prepare various soufflés, in general there is anything that is quickly and easily absorbed, and at the same time does not re-irritate the mucous membrane.

High acid gastritis: what not

And although the list of approved products is quite small, it is quite possible to choose and prepare delicious dishes from it. However, there are a number of foods that are strictly forbidden to eat in any form during this disease.

You need to exclude:

  • All the products on your bread, especially if they have just been baked.
  • Legumes, as they are difficult to digest and can cause increased gas production.
  • All fatty dairy products.
  • Fried eggs.
  • Fried potatoes and other fried foods and dishes.
  • Fruits with a hard shell, as they are also difficult to digest.
  • Chocolate will be especially difficult for those who are used to eating several sweets every day.
  • Coffee, teas, especially strong ones.
  • All carbonated drinks.
  • Alcohol.

In order to recover as soon as possible and improve your condition, it is necessary to fully follow the above diet.

Sample menu for hyperacid gastritis

To make it clearer how to eat coarse with gastritis with high acidity, you need to bring the menu:

  • First breakfast. A soft-boiled egg, porridge (buckwheat) and tea with added milk.
  • Having lunch. Kissel or milk.
  • Dinner. Puree soup, fish soufflé, potato casserole, compote.
  • Afternoon snack. Pumpkin juice with croutons.
  • Dinner. Boiled fish, such as pink salmon, mashed potatoes, jelly.

A glass of milk may be drunk before going to bed, as it reduces the acidity.

Everyone has the right to change and add new dishes, but the most important thing is that they are not prohibited, since efforts to get rid of gastritis can be ruined due to a momentary weakness.

Low acid gastritis

Carrot puree soup for gastritis

Another possibility is low acid gastritis, in which a person is constantly nauseated, he has diarrhea. This happens for one and very simple reason - food is not digested in the stomach.

To remedy this situation, the actions will be completely opposite, not the same as in the case of increased acidity.

First of all, you need to add to the menu those foods that are used to make hydrochloric acid in larger quantities.

The list of products will be roughly the same as for hyperacid gastritis, but only minor new ones will be added:

  • Rich broths, both meat and fish, to help the stomach respond to changes.
  • Citrus fruits as well as sweet or sour fruits.
  • Pickled cucumbers and tomatoes, but only in acceptable amounts so it doesn't get worse later.
  • Fermented dairy products, including kefir.
  • Sour mineral water without gas.

In the event that a person only consumes permitted foods, the healing process is accelerated, since drugs do not always have such an effect.

Sample menu for the exacerbation of gastritis

With an exacerbation of the disease, almost all products are excluded from the human diet. But to make it a little clear, you need to consider the best example of such a diet (the diet lasts from two to seven days, depending on how you are feeling):

  • Breakfast. Rice broth and a slice of bread.
  • Snack. Milk porridge (strongly boiled) to which you can add a teaspoon of butter.
  • Dinner. Vegetable broth with dumplings.
  • Afternoon snack. Some kind of fruit and green tea with milk.
  • Dinner. Hard boiled eggs, bread and a cup of tea.

After the first and critical days, new foods are allowed to be gradually added, for example low-fat cottage cheese, steamed cutlets, albeit small, vegetables and bread.

Many people stop dieting when they get better. And to the surprise of most, symptoms return in about a week. And the situation is that gastritis tablets practically do not solve anything, only eliminate the main symptoms.